The Historical Biblical Meaning of Palm Sunday

Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey (Zechariah 9:9)

"And the Lord spoke unto Moses and — Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, This month shall be unto you the beginning of months:it shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for a house:
And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year:ye shall take it out from the sheep,” (Exodus 12.1-5)

“Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David! Hosanna in the highest!” (Mark 11:9-10)

We celebrate Palm Sunday traditionally a week before Easter. Easter Week is one the most attended events in churches worldwide, yet not everyone understands the implications of Palm Sunday or the deep meaning that Palm Sunday has historically.

Palm Sunday falls historically on the 10th of Nisan - a Jewish day designated for the Jews to select a lamb from “among the sheep” - each family taking a lamb that would be big enough for the household. The lamb had to be a male lamb without blemish or defect and it had to be of the first year. Then after the lamb was selected it had to be presented to the priest at the temple for inspection.  

Then on the 14th day of Nisan, the lamb was to be slain after being with the household for those 4 days.

Palm Sunday 2000 years ago was a fulfillment of prophecy from Zech 9.9 & Psalm 118 - that when Jesus rode on a donkey into Jerusalem the Perfect Blameless Lamb of God that was chosen for us and every household of the families of the earth, was presented before the priests for inspection. Israel rejoiced as Jesus rode in to Jerusalem and they cried out the words of Psalm 118 reserved for this great day. As they cried out they lay palm leaves and their coats for Jesus to ride on. This Lamb was not to small to pay for the sins of the world or too great. He was fitted for every man, woman, and child that would need a savior.

This is why we celebrate Palm Sunday, a day when we reflect on our Savior who was sent into the world by the constraining love of God. As we celebrate Him we understand that He was approved of the Father as a sacrifice and a provision to be delivered from the bondage of Egypt’s sin and slavery.